CBD Tinctures: What You Need To Know
Cannabis-based products, including tinctures, are becoming increasingly popular and more available than ever for individuals looking to maximize their health and well-being. Cannabinoids such as CBD interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system which is responsible for homeostasis.
CBD (cannabidiol) can be delivered to the body orally, topically, sublingually, and through inhalation. The form of delivery you choose will depend on your personal preference, health goals, your lifestyle, as well as the amount of CBD you want your body to absorb.
Among one of the most effective and popular forms, especially for ﬁrst-time users are CBD tinctures.
What Are Tinctures?
Tinctures are alcohol or vegetable glycerin based extractions of cannabinoids that are best consumed sublingually, meaning under the tongue. Tinctures are usually found in dropper bottles and come in many diﬀerent concentrations of CBD to THC.
Cannabis approved for industrial hemp production, and found in products such as hemp-based CBD oil tinctures, is legally required to contain CBD oil with less than 0.3% THC.
How Do You Take A Tincture?
Depending on the strength of the tincture, a few drops held under the tongue for one to ﬁve minutes will allow absorption of the CBD into the bloodstream with a faster, stronger onset than ingesting it.
The CBD absorbs directly into the capillaries and mucous membranes of the mouth, bypassing the digestive system and metabolism in the liver. The remainder may be swallowed, allowing for additional absorption. In this way, an individual choosing the sublingual delivery method may receive both immediate and long-lasting relief.
What Dosage Should You Take?
You’ve probably heard the term bioavailability, but what is it? Bioavailability is the degree and rate at which a substance is absorbed into the bloodstream. The amount and strength of your CBD tincture, as well as your bioavailability, will determine how much of what you take is actually present to provide your desired effect.
While there is much research being done, there are currently no standard dosing guidelines for medical marijuana, medicinal hemp, and their extracts, including CBD. Variables such as age, weight, diet, metabolism, genetics, environment, and product potency will all aﬀect dosing recommendations.
It’s always best to start slow using a low dose to determine your best dosage. The average dose range is 10-50mg, one to three times per day. Some individuals notice beneﬁts with low doses right away, but others may need higher doses.
Because diﬀerent tinctures provide diﬀerent concentrations of CBD, you will need to compare labels. A medium-potency hemp tincture should have 500-800mg of CBD per ﬂuid ounce or 16-27mg per dropperful (1 ML). 15-17mg is considered a good starting dose.
Although CBD products are not considered physically addictive and are often well-tolerated, CBD can cause side eﬀects, such as dry mouth, diarrhea, reduced appetite, drowsiness, and fatigue. CBD can also interact with other medications you’re taking, such as blood thinners.
If you are going to use a CBD product such as a tincture, we recommend that you consult with your doctor before starting, or let your physician and pharmacist know if you are already using these. Do not use if you are pregnant or nursing.
How Do You Use Tinctures?
CBD tinctures are convenient, fast, easy to use, and discreet. They are an excellent option for those wanting or needing to dose throughout the day.
If you’re concerned about the taste or texture, dilute the tincture in a small amount of water or juice, or ﬂavor with a little lemon or honey. You may even want to add your desired dose to foods like salads, soups, smoothies, or mocktails.
Start slow, with 1/4 or 1/2 dose once or twice a day for several days. It may take up to four hours for you to feel an eﬀect. Decrease or increase as needed.
- While the bottle is closed, shake well.
- Pinch and release the rubber bulb to ﬁll the dropper.
- Unscrew the lid and adjust the amount in the dropper to your desired dose.
- Place the dose under your tongue.
- Let it stay under your tongue for one to ﬁve minutes before swallowing.
How Long Can You Keep Tinctures?
Proper storage of your CBD tincture will help maintain maximum freshness and improve shelf life. Once opened, CBD hemp oil will maintain its cannabinoid content and freshness for approximately six months, provided it is not exposed to extreme conditions.
Look for packaging that is designed to provide protection from light damage. Amber glass bottles protect CBD oil products from the harmful eﬀects of both visible light and UV rays.
Store your CBD tincture in a cool, dark, dry place.
Like light and heat, air can play a part in the breakdown of natural cannabinoids. Keep your tincture in its original container. Securely tighten the bottle’s lid after each use.
Place out of children’s reach.